Table of Contents
- 1 What are Care Plans in Nursing? Definition
- 2 Types of Care Plans for Patients
- 3 Short-term Objectives & Long-term Purposes
- 4 What is a Nursing Care Plan? Components
- 5 How to Do a Nursing Care Plan
- 5.1 Step 1: Gathering and Assessing the Information
- 5.2 Step 2: Organizing and Analyzing the Information
- 5.3 Step 3: Formulating the Diagnoses
- 5.4 Step 4: Establishing Priorities
- 5.5 Step 5: Setting Patient Goals and Expected Outcomes
- 5.6 Step 6: Choosing and Deciding on Nursing Interventions
- 5.7 Step 7: Rendering Rationale
- 5.8 Step 8: Nursing Care Plan Evaluation
- 5.9 Step 9: Putting a Nursing Care Plan on Paper
What is a care plan in nursing? First and foremost, you need to know that creating it requires a step-by-step approach to fill all the sections correctly. Our post will walk you through this process. We’ll go into detail about the components, short-term objectives, and long-term purposes. You’ll also take a look at some nursing care plan examples and find out how to compose one competently. However, if you still doubt you’ll be able to make it the best, don’t hesitate to rely on professionals.
What are Care Plans in Nursing? Definition
NCP denotes a conventional process that properly identifies the current needs and reveals a client’s potential risks and relevant needs. Nursing care plans are a way of communication between patients, their nurses, and other healthcare personas to implement and reach healthcare outcomes. The coherence and good quality of patient treatment are impossible without an NCP.
Nursing care planning starts as soon as the client is taken to the agency and is constantly updated throughout, responding to changes in the client’s condition. If you want to achieve perfection in practice, planning and providing patient-centered or personalized treatment is a must.
Types of Care Plans for Patients
NCP can be of two types: informal and formal. The former is a schedule of activities that exists in the nurse‘s mind. In contrast, a formal one is a computerized or written guide that systemizes the client’s treatment data.
Formal nurse plans are further subdivided into individualized and standardized ones. The latter type indicates treatment for clients with daily needs. And individualized NCPs are fitted to comply with either peculiar client’s needs or those not addressed by the standardized care plans nursing.
These are usually pre-developed guidelines delivered by healthcare agencies and the staff to guarantee consistent treatment for patients with a specific condition. Such a nursing care plan ensures that minimally acceptable standards are conformed to. Standardized NCPs encourage the effective use of the nurse’s time. Given that some common actions are done repetitively for many clients, such guidelines remove the need to develop from scratch what’s already known and works. Standardized NCPs do not take the client’s specific needs and goals into account. Instead, they may act as a starting point for creating an individualized schedule.
Creating a schedule of this type entails customizing a standardized patient care plan to comply with the peculiar goals and needs of the individual client. It should also contain approaches that proved effective for a certain client. This method enables more personalized and complex treatment, better conforming to the client’s unique strengths, goals, and needs.
Moreover, individualized schedules aim to enhance patient satisfaction. Patients who know and feel that their treatment is adapted to their peculiar needs are most likely to feel valued and heard. Nowadays, patient satisfaction is progressively considered a quality measure; hence, it’s now vital in the healthcare environment.
Short-term Objectives & Long-term Purposes
If you’d like to know a care plan is used for what purpose, you need to distinguish between short-term objectives and long-term purposes. Here’re more characteristics:
- Encourage and contribute to evidence-based NCP nursing and provide familiar and pleasant facilities and standards in health centers or hospitals.
- Maintain holistic treatment that should involve the person’s physical, social, psychological, and spiritual realms to prevent and control the disease.
- Create programs like care bundles and pathways. The latter involves a team effort to achieve a consensus on treatment standards and intended results. In contrast, care bundles are best related to treating a particular disease.
- Indicate and recognize expected outcomes and objectives.
- Revise interactions and documentation of patient care plans.
- Measure proper treatment.
- Determines nurse’s role. NCP helps Care plans help reveal nurses’ independent role in considering clients’ overall well-being and health without needing to rely purely on a physician’s interventions or instructions.
- Renders direction for personalized care. What is nursing care plan in this regard? It acts as a roadmap to provide proper treatment and enables the nurse to think critically in establishing and improving interventions tailored outright to the client.
- Integrity and consistency of treatment. Nurses from various departments and shifts can employ the information to provide the same type and quality of interventions. That way, clients will receive the most betterment from treatment.
- Coordinate care. A nursing care plan ensures that all healthcare team members are well-informed about the client’s treatment needs and the activities required to comply with those needs averting gaps in service.
- Documentation. It should correctly designate which observations to make, activities to carry out, and updates the patient or their family members require. If care plan nursing is not documented accurately, there is no confirmation the treatment was rendered altogether.
- Acts as a guide for assigning a particular staff to a particular patient. Some clients have such treatment needs that require specific staff with specific skills.
- Track progress. NCPs help monitor the client’s progress and make further required adjustments in response to changes in an individual’s health status and goals.
- Acts as a guide for compensation. The insurance companies consider medical records of the treatment hospitals render to define what they will pay.
What is a Nursing Care Plan? Components
An NCP typically contains nursing diagnoses, patient issues, intended results, procedures, and rationales. Therefore, we recommend elaborating on these components as follows:
- The best nursing care plans examples claim to start developing the schedule with an individual’s health analysis, medical outcomes, and diagnostic reports. Specifically, a patient assessment addresses the following abilities and realms: physical, psychosocial, emotional, cognitive, sexual, economic, cultural, age-related, spiritual, environmental, and functional. The concerning information can be objective and subjective.
- Care plan nursing diagnosis denotes a statement describing the client’s health problem or concern. Such a statement rests upon data collected about the individual’s health status during the analysis.
- Intended results for clients. There are particular short- and long-term goals that must be reached through nursing interventions.
- Medical procedures. These are particular interventions that will be made to refer to the diagnosis and gain expected outcomes. All such interventions must rest upon evidence-based guidelines and the most prolific practices.
- Rationales denote evidence-based interpretation and justification of the medical procedures indicated.
- Evaluation nursing care plan. This component implies schedules for monitoring and assessing a client’s progress and making required adjustments in response to the changes in the client’s health status and goals.
How to Do a Nursing Care Plan
Step 1: Gathering and Assessing the Information
First and foremost, you need to create a client database. To do this, you have to apply data collection methods and evaluation/analysis techniques. All that should address physical assessment, interview, health history, diagnostic studies, and medical records revision. A client database itself is meant to contain all the collected health information. At this stage, the nurse can define the concomitant or risk factors and determine specifications that impact a diagnosis formulation. Some nursing schools and agencies have particular nursing care plan format templates that you can use.
Step 2: Organizing and Analyzing the Information
Once you’ve collected the client’s health data, proceed to analyze, categorize, and systematize the information. That way, you’ll the diagnosis, set priorities, and identify expected outcomes.
Step 3: Formulating the Diagnoses
NANDA diagnoses are a unified method of determining, concentrating on, and dealing with particular patient needs and reactions to current and high-risk issues. Diagnoses denote current or probable health issues that can be averted or eliminated by independent medical procedures.
Step 4: Establishing Priorities
This step entails setting a preferential sequence for implementing interventions and diagnoses. At this stage, the nurse, along with the patient, start scheduling which diagnosis requires focus and treatment first. Healthcare staff groups and ranks diagnoses according to a high, medium, or low priority, with life-threatening issues as the highest priority.
The diagnosis step encompasses Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and facilitates prioritizing and scheduling the nursing plan of care based on patient-centered results. In 1943, Abraham Maslow created a hierarchy according to the basic fundamental needs inherent to all individuals. Basic physiological goals go ahead of higher needs like self-actualization and self-respect. Safety and physiological needs are the foundation for performing nursing interventions. Respectively, they are at the pillar of Maslow’s pyramid, laying the basis for physical and emotional health.
Assigning priorities in a nurse care plan implies considering the patient’s health values and convictions, priorities, urgency, and resources available. We recommend engaging with the patient in this process to expand cooperation.
Step 5: Setting Patient Goals and Expected Outcomes
Now that you’ve assigned priorities for your nursing diagnosis care plans, it’s time to establish goals for each priority task. Objectives or expected outcomes outline what the healthcare staff strives to achieve by performing the nursing procedures derived from the patient’s diagnoses. Goals render direction for scheduling interventions and act as criteria for assessing patient progress. They also enable everyone to define which issues have been resolved and help encourage them by ensuring a sense of achievement. You need to define one overall goal for every diagnosis.
Step 6: Choosing and Deciding on Nursing Interventions
Nursing procedures denote actions or activities a nurse executes to reach patient goals. The chosen procedures should concentrate on excluding or decreasing the diagnosis etiology. When it comes to risk nursing diagnoses, procedures should focalize on lowering or reducing the patient’s risk factors. Even though you identify and describe the interventions during the planning step, the nurse carries them out during the implementation step.
Step 7: Rendering Rationale
Rationales denote scientific explanations and disclose why a particular nursing procedure is required for care planning nursing.
Although rationales do not appear in regular schedules, a care plan for nursing students usually contains them. It aims to help with associating the psychological and pathophysiological concepts with the chosen procedure.
Step 8: Nursing Care Plan Evaluation
Evaluation is a scheduled, ongoing, and deliberate activity highlighting the patient’s progress toward expected outcomes or reaching goals, assessing the effectiveness of an NCP. It is essential to nursing care planning since the conclusions drawn at this stage define whether a particular procedure should be terminated, altered, or continued.
Step 9: Putting a Nursing Care Plan on Paper
The patient treatment schedule is documented under hospital policy. It becomes part of the patient’s durable medical record and can be reviewed by the forthcoming nurse. Various healthcare programs have various nursing care plan format patterns. Most are developed in a way that a student methodically proceeds through the interconnected steps.